Virginia First Time Home Buyer – 2019 Loan Programs
Are you looking to purchase your first home? Our first time home buyer programs might be the perfect solution to help you obtain the financing you need to purchase the home you desire. We provide excellent home financing options, and encourage you to compare our offered loan terms to other mortgage lenders.
Virginia First Time Home Buyer Loans
There are 5 types of first time home buyer loans. You may select different loan terms, such as a fixed rate or adjustable rate mortgage, and the number of years to repay the loan (such as a 30 year fixed rate mortgage).
Types of Mortgages:
- Conventional Loans – Conventional loans offer the best loan terms to borrowers with good or excellent credit, as well as those who can afford to place a larger down payment. If you are able to put 20% or more down, you will be able to avoid paying private mortgage insurance (PMI). However, conventional loans also offer low down payment options, such as programs that only require 3% down.
- FHA Loans – FHA loans are a good option for borrowers who may not be able to qualify for a conventional loan. The qualification requirements for FHA loans are much more lenient than conventional loans. This includes options for home buyers with credit scores as low as 500 (in order to qualify for a 3.5% down payment, you must have a credit score of at least 580).
- USDA Loans – USDA loans provide home buyers the opportunity to purchase a home without any down payment. These loans are intended for borrowers with low-to-moderate income. In addition to not requiring any money down, you can also finance the closing costs into the loan. This means you can essentially buy a home with no money out of pocket!
- VA Loans – Active duty military members and veterans can apply for a VA loan which allows you to buy your first home without any down payment. These loans are not available to the general public, but exclusively to military/veterans.
- Jumbo Loans – Any loan that does not meet the conforming or FHA loan limits is a jumbo loan. The FHA and conforming loan limits in Virginia vary greatly, ranging from $314,827-$726,525. If you want to buy a more expensive home than what your county allows, and have the income to qualify, we provide what are known as jumbo loans up to $2,000,000.
The above 5 types of loans are the main first time home buyer options that exist. We can help you determine which loan is the right fit for you based on your particular needs and eligibility.
Virginia Down Payment Assistance Programs
There are two different down payment assistance programs available to first time home buyers in Virginia. This includes the VHDA down payment assistance grant, and the HOMEownership Down Payment & Closing Cost Assistance Program.
VHDA Down Payment Assistance Grant
The VHDa Down Payment Assistance Grant offers first time home buyers up to 2.5% in down payment assistance. This assistance comes in the form of a grant, which means that it does not need to be paid back.
- The highest DTI ratio allowed is 45%.
- You must meet the program income limits.
- The minimum credit score allowed is 620 if used with an FHA loan, 640 if used with a Fannie Mae Reduced MI mortgage, and 660 if used with a Fannie Mae No MI mortgage. Please note, this program may NOT be used with a no down payment mortgage, such as a USDA or VA loan.
Want to learn more? Visit the Virginia Housing Development Authority website.
HOMEownership DPA Program
This program offers up to 10% of the purchase price, and up to $2,500 in closing cost assistance. In order to be eligible, you must meet the following requirements:
- You must be a first time home buyer, or have not owned a home in the last 3 years.
- Complete a homebuyer education course.
- Your household income must be at, or below 80% of the average median income.
- Contribute 1% of the home sales price (if your income is between 50%-80% of the median average). If your income is below 50% of the area median average, then you only need to contribute $500 towards the purchase.
- You can purchase either a single family home, a townhome, condominium, or a 2 unit property (as long as you occupy one of the units, and you can rent out the other unit).
To learn more about this program, please visit the Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development website.
Below are some down payment assistance programs offered exclusively in specific cities or counties in Virginia:
Would you like some help learning about what down payment assistance programs may be available to you? Our loan specialists have a great deal of expertise on these programs, and can help you understand the qualifications, and see if you are eligible. It is certainly worth the effort to find out! To get some expert help, request a free consultation.
Virginia First Time Home Buyer Tax Credits
The Mortgage Credit Certification (MCC) tax credit provides you an opportunity to reduce your tax bill, as well as enhance your home loan application by reducing your debt-to-income ratios. How this works, is you can deduct up to $2,000 off your federal tax bill each year. The MCC allows up to 50% of your annual interest to be eliminated (with the cap being at $2,000). Some great news, is this can be used in addition to standard mortgage interest deductions!
Frequently Asked Questions
How much do I need for a down payment?
It depends on the type of loan you want. USDA and VA loans often will not require any down payment. FHA loans require a 3.5% down payment. Conventional loans typically require either 3% or 5%. If you receive down payment assistance, you may not need any money for your down payment.
What is the maximum loan amount that I can qualify for?
The amount that you will be allowed to borrow will depend mostly on your income, as well as the particular type of loan you are interested in. There are maximum loan limits for each type of mortgage program which are set at the county level. Conforming loan limits are the maximum loan amounts allowed for conventional mortgages. FHA loans have their own loan limits. This is not necessarily how much you can borrow though, but the maximum amount allowed in your location. The amount that you can personal qualify for will be based upon your income, and how much debt you have. For most loans, your monthly mortgage payment, along with your monthly debts may not exceed 43% of your income.
Can I buy a home without a real estate agent?
It depends on your state and the type of loan program. For some states, you must use an agent. In other states, you are not required to use a real estate agent for many loan program, such as conventional mortgages. However, some loan types require that you use a real estate agent regardless of your location, such as USDA loans.
Do you have first time home buyer loans for bad credit?
Yes, we offer mortgage options for borrowers with bad credit. This includes FHA loans for bad credit, which you can possibly be approved with a credit score as low as 500. However, a 580 credit score is required for the 3.5% down payment. If your credit score is between 500-579, then you will need to put 10% down.
Can I buy a home if I owe tax debt?
For government-backed loans, such as FHA, VA, and USDA loans, you can buy a home with tax debt as long as you have made a payment plan with the IRS, and are not behind on the payments. Any federal debt must be in good standing in order to get a government-based mortgage. If your tax debts have moved into the status of a tax lien, this will prevent you from getting a home loan until it is resolved.
Can I buy a home if I have student loans?
As long as you are not delinquent on the student loan payments, and the monthly payments do not cause excessive debt-to-income ratios, you can still get a mortgage.
Can I buy a home without my spouse?
A common question is if you can buy a house without your wife or husband. The short answer is yes. There are numerous reasons someone may want to exclude their spouse from a mortgage application, such as lower credit, lack of job history or income, or one spouse having excessive debt that could prevent an approval. You may be able to qualify and get a home loan without your spouse.
How do I know if I am ready and prepared to own a home?
It is critical to consider the often unexpected expenses of buying a home. This includes repairs, maintenance, and of course furnishing the home, monthly utilities, and all other expenses that are associated with homeownership. A common mistake is to just look at the difference in rent to your total mortgage payment. Almost every year, you can expect to have to pay for various upkeep to keep the property functional. This can include anything from repairing a hot water heater that broke, to landscaping, and various maintenance.
Something else financial consultants advise is that you have at least 3 months of reserves. This means that you could afford to make your new mortgage payment for at least 3 months in the event that you lose a job or have some other unforeseen circumstance that the savings would be needed for. This is not a requirement for most home loans, but it is good advice to consider.
Have more questions about buying your first home? Give us a call at 1-800-731-3560.